With the first day of spring here many families are enjoying or making plans for Spring Break. During this week-long break from school many college students take the opportunity to party with friends on ski slopes or warm beaches, and not surprisingly alcohol is usually part of the celebration. Sadly, some of these celebrations will end tragically. Car crashes, falls from balconies, drowning, date rape and alcohol overdose are just a few of the terrible consequences of over indulgence reported each year during Spring Break.
Most people are familiar with the term “legal limit” as it relates to driving under the influence of alcohol. The term is misleading in that it does not reflect the true definition of supermarioworlds.com being under the influence, but rather sets a number beyond which a person is presumed to be intoxicated, in most cases .08% blood alcohol concentration (BAC). The fact is that a person may actually be legally under the influence (intoxicated) even though their BAC is far less than .08%. Even more concerning is the fact that most people don’t realize how little it takes to reach that .08% concentration
BAC is simply math. To reach a concentration of .08% you need to put just 8 drops of pure alcohol into 992 drops of blood for a total volume of 1000 drops. An adult male weighing 170 pounds has about 6,000 ml (6 liters) of blood. Replace 40 ml of that blood with 40 ml of pure alcohol and that adult male will be at .08% BAC. A 120 pound female has about 4300 ml of blood, requiring only about 35 ml of pure anagazawe.com alcohol to be at .08%
Most hard liquor is 40% alcohol. A standard shot glass typically holds about 1.5 ounces, or 45 ml which works out to 18 ml of pure alcohol. Using simple math, it’s easy to see that just 3 shots of hard liquor will contain 54 ml of pure alcohol, enough to push anyone weighing under 200 pounds over the limit. By the way, a lethal concentration of alcohol is generally accepted to be about .40%, which can occur very quickly when playing drinking games such as chugging contests.
But wait, you say: I only drink beer. Again we look to simple math to find a 12 oz. can of beer is 360 ml of fluid and is 5% alcohol by volume, which equals 18 ml of alcohol per can, the same as a shot of whiskey. A 5 oz. glass of wine gives you the same 18 ml result (drinking a half bottle of wine will give you 45 ml of alcohol).
Once in your blood, alcohol is metabolized at a rate of .015% per hour. Using this constant, a person with a BAC of .02% (usually about 1 drink) will take about 80 gamf.net minutes to metabolize all of the alcohol out of the blood. It would take 5.3 hours to clear a BAC of .08%. Clearly, the best way to drink responsibly is to drink slowly enough to allow the alcohol to metabolize out of your blood at about the same rate as it absorbs into the blood.
The take away message should be clear: it doesn’t take much for alcohol to crash your party. If you are going to drink alcohol, do it slowly, remain in control and remember that it isn’t the alcohol that creates the good times.